More than 1 million people in the United States suffer a brain injury, thousands of them because of an auto accident. About 50,000 people die as a result of these injuries. One common brain injury caused by auto accidents is aphasia.
An individual suffering from aphasia has decreased ability to speak or understand speech and to read or write. The condition is the result of a traumatic brain injury (TBI), which are most commonly from a stroke or car accident. TBI is the result of a sudden, external blow to the brain, which can affect one or many areas of the brain. Depending upon the impact of the injury, aphasia may be mild, perhaps affecting only a person’s ability to remember names or to use words correctly in a sentence. However, most people with this injury can be disabled in many ways. Here are forms of aphasia that can be caused by a car accident:
- Global aphasia. With this most severe form of aphasia, communication with others may be almost impossible. The affected person understands little or no spoken language and cannot read or write.
- Broca’s aphasia. This form severely affects an individual’s ability to speak, which is why it is often referred to as “non-fluent” aphasia. Speaking is difficult and clumsy, often limited to very few words. However, the individual may be able to read and understand someone’s else’s speech.
- Mixed non-fluent aphasia. With this form, an individual also has limited ability to speak. In addition, however, he or she is very limited in the ability to read or write and has difficulty understanding others.
- Wernicke’s aphasia. This form is called “fluent” aphasia because a person is able to speak, in some cases almost normally, although the speech may include words that do not belong or have little relevance to what he or she is saying. With this type, the individual has difficulty understanding other’s speech and has difficulty in reading or writing.
- Anomic aphasia. A person may speak fluently, but has difficulty in finding the correct words for what he or she wishes to say. As a result, the speech is often filled with non-relevant words and may be difficult to follow. The same difficulty occurs when they try to write. They do, however, understand other’s conversation and usually can read at a fairly competent level.
- Primary progressive aphasia. Known as PPA, this condition is rare and indicates a progressive degeneration of the brain. The ability to speak slowly worsens, while other mental capabilities remain the same.
Aphasia caused by a car accident is a devastating situation to go through. If you or a loved one suffers from a brain injury from a car accident, contact Bryan today!